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Nausea, Vomiting, and Diarrhea

Nausea
Your gastrointestinal system faces different kinds of irritants and harmful organisms that might disturb its normal functioning. As such, suffering from nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea is very common among the population. These health-related conditions are due to several reasons and range from mild to severe. 

Mild to moderate cases typically resolve on their own, but severe cases may require a visit to a healthcare professional.

What are nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea?

Nausea is a disorder characterized by a feeling of mild exhaustion accompanied by the desire to vomit. 

On the other hand, vomiting is the expulsion of the stomach contents through the mouth. Before vomiting, a person usually experiences a feeling of nausea, skin becomes pale, and heart rate and sweating increase. 

Diarrhea is a disorder characterized by the rapid emission of abundant, poorly formed stools. Diarrheal stools are formed due to increased secretion or decreased reabsorption of water and electrolytes in the gut.

Causes

The following are some different causes of nausea or vomiting:

  • Viral or bacterial infections
  • Food borne illness
  • Drugs
  • Toxins
  • Brain or central nervous system disorders
  • Motion Sickness
  • Psychological disorders
  • Pain

Diarrhea may due to the following causes

  • Viral or bacterial infections
  • Food borne illness
  • Stress
  • Inflammatory diseases like Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis
  • Medications: laxatives, antibiotics, NSAIDs, etc.
  • Food: intolerances, allergies
  • Malabsorption
  • Anatomical lesions: especially post-surgical 
  • Diseases like hyperthyroidism or diabetes, 

Symptoms

The symptoms and signs that can accompany nausea are numerous. Two clinical manifestations that are often associated with nausea are distaste for food and profuse sweating.

Signs and symptoms associated with diarrhea may include:

  • Frequent, liquid stools
  • Blood in the stool
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Fever

Treatment

In mild to moderate cases of vomiting and diarrhea, increasing fluid intake can be helpful.  Moderate intake of electrolyte drinks may address imbalances and dehydration that occur due to vomiting or diarrhea.

In severe cases, when vomiting or diarrhea is accompanied by severe pain, bloating, and blood, consulting a medical provider is necessary. Your provider might give you different medications depending upon the cause. 

You may be prescribedanti-emetics –  drugs that treat nausea and vomiting. Some anti-emetics include:

  • Antihistamines, such as promethazine
  • Serotonin receptor blockers, such as ondansetron
  • D2 receptor blockers, such as droperidol and metoclopramide
  • Bismuth sub salicylates are protective for the wall of the gut and are helpful in the treatment of some types of nausea and vomiting

For severe diarrhea, your doctor might prescribe or recommend additional medications:

  • Fluid or electrolytes replacement therapy
  • Loperamide is an over the counter anti-diarrheal medications
  • Antibiotics may be prescribed if the cause is determined to be bacterial

acial abrasions and considered more serious as these have a higher risk of cicatrization and should be cleaned,

debrided, and dressed daily. Dressings may require skin adhesives like the combination of gum mastic, styrax,

alcohol, and methyl salicylate or tincture of benzoin.Facial abrasions and considered more serious as these have a higher risk of cicatrization and should be cleaned,debrided, and dressed daily. Dressings may require skin adhesives like the combination of gum mastic, styrax, alcohol, and methyl salicylate or tincture of benzoin.

Contact us

In case of urgent medical care assistance, AfterOurs Urgent Care offers immediate telemedicine services, where medical providers are available to provide assistance. Anyone who experiences signs and symptoms requiring urgent medical attention can book their appointment with AfterOurs Urgent Care to directly talk to an expert. Ifyour medical issue is not appropriate for telemedicine, we will let you know and refer you to an in-person facility.

When to visit a doctor:

If you have symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, see a medical provider if they are severe or prolonged.

Treatments for nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are available at AfterOurs Urgent Care.